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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided, including DOIs for journal articles.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Requirements

Please prepare your paper before submission, using the following guidelines.


Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. PDF file is NOT acceptable. Tables, exhibits, and/or figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be embedded in each article as necessary.

Article length

Articles should be a minimum of 1,000 words in length. This includes all text including references, tables, exhibits, and figures.

Article title

A short title of not more than ten words should be provided.

Author Details

Please provide the affiliation of each contributing author at the time that the research for the paper was sent for publication and a current or permanent e-mail address.


Authors must supply an abstract of not more than 100 words and refrain from the use of personal pronouns within the abstract and body of the article (e.g. “I investigate...” “We explore…”).


Authors should provide five appropriate keywords below the abstract

Article Classification

Authors must select a category for each article submitted. The category which most closely describes their article should be selected from the list below.

  • Research: Describe any form of preliminary research performed by the authors. These papers may include research involving the testing of models, frameworks, data, surveys, or the following research types: action market or empirical.
  • Conceptual paper: Hypotheses-based papers, which aren’t centered on research, but instead tend to be more exegetical. These papers focus on theory, philosophical discussions, and comparative studies.
  • Case study: Depict existing stories and encounters within organizations. Normally, these papers do not describe research, and are oftentimes subjective in nature. Legal case reports, and hypothetical case studies used for educational purposes are also included in this category.
  • General review: This category contains papers which are instructional and informative; including papers which deliver a synopsis or historical analysis or a given concept, method or occurrence.
  • Literature review: All categories of papers must cite applicable literature. However, this category is reserved for papers which explain, interpret, or critique works in a specific area of study. Literature reviews may range from more selective bibliography approaches by offering guidance on information sources, to a comprehensive approach by featuring key contributors’ works as they relate to the progression of a subject area, examining various viewpoints throughout.
  • Technical paper: Technical by nature, these papers define and examine products, procedures or services.
  • Viewpoint: Papers, including journalistic works, which rely on the author’s opinions and rationalization are included in this category.


Headings should be based on APA publication style.

Tables, exhibits, and/or Figures

All tables, exhibits and/or figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively. All tables, exhibits and figures should be included in the body of the article. DO NOT SEND a separate file for tables, exhibits and/or figures.


References to other publications must be based on APA publication style.

Remove personally identifying information from the manuscript

Remove the author(s) name(s) from the manuscript, including any self-citations. Remove all identifying information from the file itself:

  1. Save the Word document before removing personal information
  2. Click File > Info > Check for Issues > Inspect Document
  3. Leave only "Document Properties and Personal Information" checked and click Inspect.
  4. Click Remove All, if personal information is found
  5. Save document

Authors are personally responsible for ensuring adherence to relevant copyright laws.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.