Evaluating the Effect of Acarbose Treatment on Insulin Secretion and Sensitivity in Early Diabetes Using a Novel Interpretation of the Disposition Index Equation

  • Clarissa Hanna Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Tamara Hannon Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics
  • Robert V. Considine Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Kieren J. Mather Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine

Abstract

Background and Hypothesis:
In pathologic states such as obesity and insulin resistance, there is a progressive decline in insulin sensitivity requiring greater insulin secretion to maintain normoglycemia. The inverse relationship between insulin sensitivity and secretion is mathematically defined by the Disposition Index (DI), a measure of βcell function adjusted for insulin sensitivity. We are working to generalize the DI equation to allow direct physiologic interpretation of the DI term, and of the slope relating insulin secretion with insulin sensitivity. We tested study treatment effects hypotheses using these new analytic methods.

Background and Hypothesis:
In pathologic states such as obesity and insulin resistance, there is a progressive decline in insulin sensitivity requiring greater insulin secretion to maintain normoglycemia. The inverse relationship between insulin sensitivity and secretion is mathematically defined by the Disposition Index (DI), a measure of βcell function adjusted for insulin sensitivity. We are working to generalize the DI equation to allow direct physiologic interpretation of the DI term, and of the slope relating insulin secretion with insulin sensitivity. We tested study treatment effects hypotheses using these new analytic methods.

Results:
These analyses revealed statistically significant 1-year changes in DI, in secretion-sensitivity coupling slopes, and in the joint changes in secretion and sensitivity. However, these treatment effects did not differ by randomized treatment group, suggesting an on-study effect beyond the randomized treatments.

Conclusion and Potential Impact: 

We have applied a novel analytic approach to evaluate the secretion-sensitivity relationship modeled by the disposition index equation to investigate the effect of randomized therapy on β-cell function in a placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. These analyses revealed study effects on the secretion-sensitivity relationship that have not been previously described, suggesting that this novel approach will have value in clinical studies of β-cell dysfunction and treatment effects.

 

Published
2019-10-08
Section
Abstracts