Durability of Cementless Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients Age 75 and Older
Background and Hypothesis: Cementless femoral fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased in prevalence worldwide. However, cementless fixation in elderly patients is controversial due to the risk of periprosthetic fracture and/or femoral component loosening. We evaluated the effect of age on implant survivorship in patients ≥75 versus <75 years of age. Intraoperative fracture, mortality, and revision cause also were evaluated.
Project Methods: 532 cementless THAs performed with consistent surgical, perioperative, and rehabilitation protocols by one surgeon between 2011 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with less than two years follow-up were excluded. 84 patients were ≥75 and 448 were <75 years of age. Average follow-up was 44±12 months (p=0.965). Revision rate, intraoperative fracture, 90-day mortality, and overall mortality were compared with p<0.05 considered statistically significant.
Results: In the ≥75 group there were more females (70.2% vs. 59.2%, p=0.067), more ASA-PS class 3-4 (76.2% vs. 46.2%, p<0.001), and lower BMI (28.6±5.7 vs. 31.3±6.9, p<0.001). Patients <75 had more hip dysplasia (p=0.023) and patients ≥75 had more kidney disease (p<0.001). Revision rates between the ≥75 and <75 groups (1.2%, 1.8%) were not different (p=1.000). Moreover, there was no difference in femoral component revision (<75 = 62.5%, ≥75 = 0.0%, p=0.444) with all femoral revisions due to infection not fracture or loosening. Intraoperative fracture (<75 = 0.9%, ≥75 = 1.2%, p=0.578), 90-day-mortality (one in the younger group, none in the older group, p=1.000), overall mortality (10 in the younger, 4 in the older group, p=0.253), and mean months between surgery and death (p=0.694) did not differ in younger and older patients.
Conclusion and Potential Impact: Older patients had comparable implant survivorship compared to younger patients using cementless femoral fixation. In addition, there were no differences in risk for mortality or intraoperative fracture. These findings provide evidence for the safety and durability of cementless THA in elderly patients ≥75 years of age.
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