Creating a Trauma-Informed Community Through University-Community Partnerships:An Institute Agenda
Keywords:University-community partnerships, trauma, trauma-informed care
The impact of trauma on wellness has been identified as a community health crisis. The alliance of universities and communities is a plausible response to address the scope of the problem given their wealth of resources. The Institute on Trauma and Trauma-informed Care (ITTIC) is an exemplar of a university-community partnership and unique approach that has fostered a common language within and between organizations to foster at the community level an awareness and understanding of trauma. The present article provides an overview of university-community partnerships and their importance to social work practice. It describes the formation of the Institute and discusses its model and contributions to the local community and abroad. The implications of ITTIC for the School, University and community are discussed. An iterative process that includes active engagement, evaluation, and reflection, is recommended for the integration and advancement of trauma-informed care through university-community partnerships.
Allen-Meares, P. (2008). Schools of social work contribution to community partnerships: The renewal of the social compact in higher education. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 18, 79-100. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10911350802317194
Bloom, S. (1994). The sanctuary model: Developing generic inpatient programs for the treatment of psychological trauma. In M. B. Williams & J. F. Sommer, Jr. (Eds.), Handbook of post-traumatic therapy: A practical guide to intervention, treatment, and research (pp. 474-493). Westport, CN: Greenwood Publishing.
Bloom, S. L., & Sreedhar, S. Y. (2008). The Sanctuary Model of trauma informed organizational change. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 17(3), 48-53.
Bowen, B., Privitera, M. R., & Bowie, V. (2011). Reducing workplace violence by creating healthy workplace environments. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 3(4), 185-198. doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/17596591111187710
Bringle, R., & Hatcher, J. (2002). Campus-community partnerships: The terms of engagement. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 503-516. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-4560.00273
Brown, S. M., Baker, C. N., & Wilcox, P. (2012). Risking connection trauma training: A pathway toward trauma informed care in child congregate care settings. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4, 507-514.doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025269
Brown, V. B., Harris, M., & Fallot, R. (2013). Moving toward trauma informed practice in addiction treatment: a collaborative model of agency assessment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 45(5), 386-393. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2013.844381
Butler, L. D., Critelli, F. M., & Rinfrette, E. S. (2011). Trauma-informed care and mental health. Directions in Psychiatry, 31, 197-210.
Buys, N., & Bursnall, S. (2007). Establishing university-community partnerships: Processes and benefits. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 29, 73-86. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13600800601175797
Clark, C., Young, M. S., Jackson, E., Graeber, C., Mazelis, R., Kammerer, N., & Huntington, N. (2008). Consumer perceptions of integrated trauma informed services among women with co-occurring disorders. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 35(1), 71-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11414-007-9076-0
Cooper, J. L., Masi, R., Dababnah, S., Aratani, Y., & Knitzer, J. (2007). Strengthening policies to support children, youth, and families who experience trauma. National Center for Children in Poverty: Columbia University.
Dempsey, S. E. (2010). Critiquing community engagement. Management Communication Quarterly, 24, 359-390. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0893318909352247
Dentato, M. P., Craig, S. L., & Smith, M. S. (2010). The vital role of social workers in community partnerships: The alliance for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and questioning youth. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 27(5), 323-334. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-010-0210-0
Dulmus, C. N., & Cristalli, M. E. (2012). A university-community partnership to advance research in practice settings: The HUB research model. Research on Social Work Practice, 22(2), 195-202. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731511423026
Fantuzzo, J. W., Mohr, W. K., & Noone, M. J. (2000). Making the invisible victims of violence against women visible through university/community partnerships. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 3(1), 9-23. doi: https://doi.org/10.1300/J146v03n01_02
Hales, T., Green, S. A., Lunsford, C., Hitzel, H., Woike-Ganga, E., & Nochajski, T. H. (2016). Trauma-informed care and staff satisfaction. Poster presented at the Society for Prevention Research, San Francisco, CA.
Harris, M. E., & Fallot, R. D. (2001). Using trauma theory to design service systems. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.
Heagle, E., Green, S. A., & Peek, S. (2016, June). Trauma-informed care: The use of the podcast series Trauma Talks: Rising from the ashes to promote resiliency. Poster presented at Trauma Talks Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Hendricks, A., Conradi, L., & Wilson, C. (2011). Creating trauma informed child welfare systems using a community assessment process. Child Welfare, 90(6), 187-205.
Henry, J., Richardson, M., Black-Pond, C., Sloane, M., Atchinson, B., & Hyter, Y. (2011). A grassroots prototype for trauma informed child welfare system change. Child Welfare, 90(6), 169-186.
Hummer, V. L., Dollard, N., Robst, J., & Armstrong, M. I. (2010). Innovations in implementation of trauma informed care practices in youth residential treatment: A curriculum for organizational change. Child Welfare, 89(2), 79-95.
Institute of Medicine. (2001). Crossing the quality chasm: A new health system for the 21st century. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Keesler, J., & Green, S. A. (2014, October). Advancing a national initiative to become trauma-informed through university-community partnerships. Paper presented at Council on Social Work Education Annual Meeting University-Community Partnerships Track, Tampa, FL.
Keesler, J., & Nochajski, T. H. (2016, January). Advancing trauma-informed care research: The influence of department affiliation and demographics on staff perception. Poster presented at the Society for Social Work Research Annual Conference, Washington, D. C.
Keesler, J. M., & Isham, C. (2017). A trauma-informed day program: An initial conceptualization and preliminary assessment. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 14(2), 164-175.
Keesler, J. M. (2016). An evaluation of individual and organizational factors in predicting professional quality of life among direct support professionals in intellectual and developmental disability services. (Dissertation). University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY.
Kessler, R. C., Sonnega, A., Bromet, E., Hughes, M., & Nelson, C. B. (1995). Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52(12), 1048-1060. doi: https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1995.03950240066012
Kindred, J., & Petrescu, C. (2015). Expectations versus reality in a university-community partnership: A case study. Voluntas, 26, 823-845. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-014-9471-0
Kiser, L. J., Donohue, A., Hodgkinson, S., Medoff, D., & Black, M. M. (2010). Strengthening family coping resources: The feasibility of a multifamily group intervention for families exposed to trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(6), 802-806.
Kusmaul, N., Wilson, B., & Nochajski, T. (2015). The infusion of trauma-informed care in organizations: Experience of agency staff. Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 39(1), 25-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/23303131.2014.968749
Larkin, H., Felitti, V. J., & Anda, R. F. (2014). Social work and adverse childhood experiences research: Implications for practice and health policy. Social Work in Public Health, 29(1), 1-16. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2011.619433
Lewis, L. A., Kusmaul, N., Elze, D., & Butler, L. (2016). The role of field education in a university-community partnership aimed at curriculum transformation. Journal of Social Work Education, 52(2), 186-197.
Maurrasse, D. J. (2002). Higher education-community partnerships: Assessing progress in the field. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 31, 131-139. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764002311006
McCaslin, R., & Barnstable, C. L. (2008). Increasing geriatric social work content through university-community partnerships. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education, 29, 1-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/02701960802074214
Miller, P., & Hafner, M. (2008). Moving toward dialogical collaboration: A critical examination of a university-school-community partnership. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44, 66-110. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0013161X07309469
Mills, K. L., McFarlane, A. C., Slade, T., Creamer, M., Silove, D., Teesson, M., & Bryant, R. (2011). Assessing the prevalence of trauma exposure in epidemiological surveys. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 407-415. doi: https://doi.org/10.3109/00048674.2010.543654
Mullen, E. J., Bledsoe, S. E., & Bellamy, J. L. (2007). Implementing evidence-based social work practice. Research on Social Work Practice, 18, 325-338. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731506297827
National Association of Social Workers. (2008). Code of ethics of the National Association of Social Workers. Retrieved from http://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp
Nochajski, T. H., & Hales, T. W. (2015, July). Evaluation as a tool for creating trauma-informed systems. Poster presented at the XXXIV International Congress on Law and Mental Health, Vienna, Austria.
Patterson, D. A., Cronley, C., West, S., & Lantz, J. (2014). Social justice manifest: A university–community partnership to promote the individual right to housing. Journal of Social Work Education, 50(2), 234-246. doi: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137289384.0016
Perry, T. E., Wintermute, T., Carney, B. C., Leach, D. E., Sanford, C., & Quist, L. (2015). Senior housing at a crossroads: A case study of a university/community partnership in Detroit, Michigan. Traumatology, 21(3), 244-250. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/trm0000043
Richardson, M. M., Coryn, C. L. S., Henry, J., Black-Pond, C., & Unrau, Y. (2012). Developmental and evaluation of the trauma informed system change instrument: factorial validity and implications for use. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 29, 167-184. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-012-0259-z
Rubio, D. M., Schoenbaum, E. E., Lee, L. S., Schteingart, D. E., Marantz, P. R., Anderson, K. E., … & Esposito, K. (2010). Defining translational research: Implications for training. Academic Medicine, 85(3), 470-475. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181ccd618
Skybo, T., & Polivka, B. (2007). Health promotion model for childhood violence prevention and exposure. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 16(1), 38-45. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01621.x
Strier, R. (2014). Fields of paradox: University–community partnerships. Higher Education, 68(2), 155-165. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-013-9698-5
United States Census Bureau. (2010). QuickFacts Buffalo City, New York. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/3611000
University at Buffalo Regional Institute. (2014a). Strengthening WNY’s Safety Net: A Community Report City of Buffalo (East of Main Street). Retrieved from http://ubwp.buffalo.edu/ubri/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2014/06/Strengthening-WNYs-Safety-Net-Buffalo-West.pdf
University at Buffalo Regional Institute. (2014b). Strengthening WNY’s Safety Net: A Community Report City of Buffalo (West of Main Street). Retrieved from http://ubwp.buffalo.edu/ubri/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2014/06/Strengthening-WNYs-Safety-Net-Buffalo-East.pdf
University at Buffalo School of Social Work. (2016). Trauma-informed community initiative of WNY. Retrieved from https://socialwork.buffalo.edu/social-research/institutes-centers/institute-on-trauma-and-trauma-informed-care/community-partnerships-initiatives/trauma-informed-community-initiative.html
Van de Ven, A. H., & Johnson, P. E. (2006). Knowledge for theory and practice. Academy of Management Review, 31(4), 802-821. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2006.22527385
Wolf, M. R., Green, S. A., Nochajski, T. H., Mendel, W. E., & Kusmaul, N. S. (2014). ‘We’re civil servants’: the status of trauma informed care in the community. Journal of Social Service Research, 40(1), 111-120. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2013.845131
Copyright to works published in Advances in Social Work is retained by the author(s).