Assessing Receptivity to Empirically Supported Treatments in Rape Crisis Centers

  • Tonya Elaine Edmond Washington University in St. Louis
  • Rachel Voth Schrag University of Texas at Arlington
Keywords: Trauma, evidence-based practice, PTSD, rape, rape crisis centers

Abstract

Survivors of sexual violence are at risk for PTSD, depression, and anxiety. There are several empirically supported treatments (EST) that are effective for addressing these trauma symptoms; however, uptake of these ESTs among Rape Crisis Center (RCC) counselors is low. This research project sought to determine counselors’ attitudes toward evidence-based practices (EBPs); their perceptions of the intervention characteristics of three specific ESTs: Prolonged Exposure (PE), Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy; and differences in attitudes and perceptions based on agency setting (urban/rural) and counselor education. The Consolidated Framework for Advancing Implementation Science (CFIR) was used to construct a web-based survey to send to all RCCs in Texas (n=83) resulting in an overall agency response rate of 72% (n=60) and responses from 76 counselors. Counselors’ attitudes towards EBP and perspectives on specific ESTs suggest that dissemination and implementation efforts are needed within the RCC service sector to advance the uptake of CPT, EMDR and PE.

Author Biographies

Tonya Elaine Edmond, Washington University in St. Louis
Social Work, Associate Professor
Rachel Voth Schrag, University of Texas at Arlington
Social Work Doctoral Candidate

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Published
2017-12-17
Section
Articles