Globalization, Inequality, and Transnational Activism: A Case Study on Chile

  • Moctezuma Garcia Independent Consultant
Keywords: Globalization, inequality, human rights, transnational activism, Latin America, social movements

Abstract

Globalization has transformed how states are governed through a neoliberal economic approach that reinforces an unregulated capitalist market. An emphasis on Chile is important because it was the first state in Latin America to apply neoliberalism and has been hailed as a prime example for other developing states to integrate similar strategies to strengthen the local economy. However, inequality continues to persist despite economic gains. A combination of historical struggles affecting victims of the Pinochet era and present struggles with poverty, have resulted in a constant conflict between the power elite and the rest of society. Social movements in Chile have played a pivotal role in raising international awareness and pressuring the local government to protect the rights of highly vulnerable populations. A focus on transnational activism provides an effective medium for local and international advocates to work together toward holding Chile accountable for addressing social disparities.

Author Biography

Moctezuma Garcia, Independent Consultant
Ph.D., LSW, Postdoctoral Teaching Associate, Central Michigan University, Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, 142 Anspach, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859
Published
2013-09-04