Peer mentoring: A tool for serving the diverse needs of 21st century college students
Higher education is changing even as it stays the same. What has stayed the same is the immense value of a completed college degree on both societal and personal levels. For society, increasing the percentage of the population with advanced educational credentials is associated with increased work skills, a stable economy, stable national, state, and local tax revenue streams, decreased needs for a range of social services, increased citizen participation, and perhaps most importantly, an informed citizenry capable of understanding and synthesizing complex information and critically thinking about important social issues. On a personal level, increasing the percentage of individuals with completed college degrees should be associated with higher standards of living, better health, and higher levels of feelings of self-efficacy and self-worth for a greater number/ percentage of Americans.
Allen, Drew & Wolniak, Gregory C. (2015). Exploring the Effects of Tuition Increases on Racial/Ethnic Diversity at Public Colleges and Universities. Chicago, IL: AERA Annual Meeting, p. 30. Retrieved from http://www.aera.net/Portals/38/Newsroom%20-%20Recent%20Research/Exploring%20the%20Effects%20of%20Tuition%20Increases%20on%20Racial-Ethnic%20Diversity%20at.pdf.
Baum, S. & Flores, S.M. (2011) Higher education and children in immigrant families. The Future of Children, 21(1), 171–193. https://doi.org/10.1353/foc.2011.0000
Collier, P. J. (2015). Developing effective student peer mentoring programs: A practitioner’s guide to program design, delivery, evaluation, and training. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.
Fry, R. (2011, August 25). Hispanic college enrollment spikes, narrowing gaps with other groups: 24% growth from 2009 to 2010. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center, 1-29. Retrieved from http://www.pewhispanic.org/2011/08/25/hispanic-college-enrollment-spikes-narrowing-gaps-with-other-groups/
Lee, Stephanie (2009). Overview of the Federal Higher Education Opportunity Act. Boston, MA: University of Massachusetts Boston, Institute for Community Inclusion. Retrieved from http://www.thinkcollege.net/component/resdb/item/t-110/607
Mitchell, Michael, Leachman, Michael and Kathleen Masterson, (2016) Funding Down, Tuition Up: State Cuts to Higher Education Threaten Quality and Affordability at Public Colleges. Washington, DC; Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Retrieved from http://www.cbpp.org/research/state-budget-and-tax/funding-down-tuition-up#_ftn33
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2013, November). One million now benefit from Post-9/11 GI Bill [press release]. Washington, DC: Office of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.va.gov/opa/pressrel/pressrelease.cfm?id=2490