Establishing a Comprehensive Ethics-Based Checklist for Surgical Camp Activities at AMPATH-Kenya


  • Diane B. Choi, BS Indiana University School of Medicine
  • Kyle L. Carpenter, MD Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery
  • Connie H. Keung, MD Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya



Background and Hypothesis: Global health has made strides in controlling and reducing harm from infectious diseases such as Polio and HIV/AIDS but this focus has not been mirrored in surgical and anesthesia care, especially in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs). In 2010, an estimated 16.9 million lives were lost from conditions that required surgical care and 5 billion people in LMICs lack safe and affordable surgical and anesthesia. Organization of surgical camps can bring skilled physicians to temporarily meet the unmet surgical needs in underserved areas. However, currently there are no government agencies or accrediting bodies existing to assess the scope/impact of short-term surgical camp care or establish standards of care for such services.  

Experimental Design or Project Methods: The AMPATH mission of “start with healthcare and then do more to empower communities, educate tomorrow’s medical experts and research breakthroughs that will truly change the health of the world” was incorporated into the ethical checklist proposed. The four principles – beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, and justice were used as guidance for the checklist.  

Results: The checklist can be organized into three main areas: Care, Empowerment & Training, and Research (Figure 1).