Correlation of Liver Stiffness Measurements with AST to Platelet Ratio Index (APRI) and Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) Scores in Pediatric Patients with Hepatitis B or Liver Transplantation
Background and Objective:
Current standard for assessing liver fibrosis is biopsy. However, its invasive nature, cost, and limited sampling are problematic for many patients. Fibroscan is a technology that utilizes transient elastography (TE) to measure liver stiffness (LSM) quickly and non-invasively. TE is a novel method in children and has shown to be a measure of fibrosis. Biomarkers for hepatic fibrosis include the APRI and FIB-4 scores, which are not well-studied in children. Our goal is to correlate APRI and FIB-4 with LSM in children who have hepatitis B (hep B) or have received liver transplants (LT).
LSM scores of 26 children with hep B and 41 children with LT were retrieved from a research database at Riley Hospital for Children. We then obtained laboratory results closest to the date (+/- 1 year) of their TE. Those results were used to determine APRI and FIB-4 scores. Spearman correlation (rs) was determined between LSM/APRI, LSM/FIB-4, and APRI/FIB-4 in each disease.
Table 1. Spearman Correlations for LSM/APRI, LSM/FIB-4, and APRI/FIB-4 in Hep B and LT
Spearman Correlation (rs)
*p < 0.05
Conclusion and Potential Impact:
The moderate correlation of LSM with FIB-4 in LT shows potential for future clinical use, but the correlations of LSM with APRI in both conditions and the correlation of LSM with FIB-4 in Hep B are weaker. APRI and FIB-4 are strongly correlated in these children. However, additional studies with larger sample sizes should be completed. Because patients with LT and chronic hep B regularly need longitudinal evaluation, finding non-invasive tools are important to ensure compliance and ease.
Copyright (c) 2021 Bhumi Patel, Jean Molleston, MD
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