Evaluation of a Pediatric High-Flow Nasal Cannula Training Program for Providers at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Eldoret, Kenya
Background: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a relatively safe, effective, and well-tolerated form of non-invasive ventilation for children with respiratory distress and is regularly used in resource-rich settings. Pediatric HFNC has been successfully implemented in resource-limited settings; however, little is known about the training process required to integrate HFNC into care. The present study evaluates a pediatric HFNC training program conducted at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) in Eldoret, Kenya prior to HFNC implementation at Shoe4Africa Children’s Hospital.
Methods: This study took place within the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) program, a partnership among MTRH, Moi University, and a consortium of North American universities led by Indiana University. The training program curriculum included information about HFNC; clinical signs of respiratory distress; a demonstration and hands-on practice with HFNC machines; a locally adapted protocol for pediatric HFNC implementation; and a sample patient case. Fifty-nine acute care providers (nurses, clinical officers, medical officers, and registrars) participated in training. Participants completed pre-tests and post-tests (immediate and 3-month follow-up) containing open-ended questions to assess HFNC knowledge and five-point Likert scale questions to assess HFNC comfort and attitudes. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and two-proportion Z-tests (α=0.05).
Results: Average knowledge assessment scores significantly increased from pre-test (2.19/6) to post-test (5.59/6; p<0.001). While scores decreased slightly at the 3-month follow-up, they remained increased from pre-test levels (4.53/6; p<0.001). The percentage of respondents who answered each knowledge assessment question correctly on the post-test and 3-month followup were significantly increased from the pre-test. Participant comfort using HFNC was increased on both the post-test (p<0.001) and 3-month follow-up (p=0.038).
Conclusions: This program successfully trained providers in pediatric HFNC use at MTRH and could inform future HFNC training in resource-limited settings. Future studies should evaluate pediatric outcomes at Shoe4Africa after HFNC implementation.
Copyright (c) 2023 Kaitlyn A. Roberts, Emaan G. Bhutta, Adnan Bhutta, Megan S. McHenry, MD, Polycarp Mandi, Eric Ngetich, Faith Sila, Hellen Jemeli, Sarah Kimetto, Laura J. Ruhl, Joram Nyandat, Julika Kaplan, MD
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