Health in All Policies in Denver: Moving from Plans to Equitable Development Outcomes


  • Gretchen A Armijo Denver Department of Public Health & Environment
  • Maggie Kauffman Denver Department of Public Health & Environment


Health impact assessment(HIA) and health in all policies (HiAP) have been used widely in the last decade in the U.S. to bring health research and evidence into civic decision-making.  The City and County of Denver, CO has progressed from an HIA approach to an HiAP evolution that is beginning to yield changes in land use and transportation planning and City budgeting processes that are expected to lead to changes in health and equitable development outcomes for Denver residents, particularly those experiencing the greatest barriers to good health and opportunity.

Author Biography

Gretchen A Armijo, Denver Department of Public Health & Environment

I have conducted 2 HIAs and taught an HIA course at the University of Colorado - College of Architecture & Planning. I am the first Built Environment Administrator at the cit of Denver focusing on healthy community design.





Perspectives from the Field