Sanctuary Model Supervision: Reflections and Implications for the Music Therapy Profession
Keywords:Supervision, Sanctuary Model, Trauma Informed Supervision, Internship
This paper outlines The Sanctuary Model from the perspective of two former music therapy interns who completed their internship at a Sanctuary Certified residential psychiatric treatment facility for children and adolescents in the midwest. Both writers reflect on their experiences with supervision within this model as supervisees and board-certified music therapists. Strengths of this model such as creating a common language with which to process clinical phenomena, formation of better, more equitable interpersonal relationships between the supervisee and supervisor, and the emphasis on parallel processes are all unique aspects of this model. Discussions of Sanctuary Model supervision’s value in music therapy clinical supervision are included.
Keywords: Supervision, Sanctuary Model, Trauma-Informed Supervision, Internship
Abramovitz, R., & Bloom, S. L. (2003). Creating sanctuary in residential treatment for youth: From the “well-ordered asylum” to a “living-learning environment”. Psychiatric Quarterly, 74(2), 119-135. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1021303710275
Anglicare (n.d.). Red flag meetings [Fact sheet]. https://www.anglicare.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Red-Flag-PR-v2.pdf
Bloom, S. L. (2005) The Sanctuary Model of organizational change for children’s residential treatment. Therapeutic Community: The International Journal for Therapeutic and Supportive Organizations, 26(1): 65-81. https://doi.org/10.1108/tc-01-2015-0005
Bloom, S. L., Yanosy, S., & Harrison, L. C. (2013). A reciprocal supervisory network: The Sanctuary Model. In Murphy, D. & Joseph, S. (Eds.), Trauma and the therapeutic relationship: Approaches to process and practice (pp. 126-146). Palgrave Macmillan.
Bloom, S. L. (2017). The Sanctuary Model: Through the lens of moral safety. In Gold, S. N. (Ed.), APA handbook of trauma psychology: Volume 2, trauma practice (pp. 499-513). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000020-024
Child and Parent Resource Institute (n.d.). A guide through our Sanctuary commitment [Fact sheet]. https://www.cpri.ca/files/8115/1206/5539/A_Guide_Through_Our_Sanctuary_Commitment.pdf
Children’s Service Center (2019). Sanctuary. http://www.cscwv.org/csc/Resources/sanctuary.aspx
Clarke, A. (2013). Sanctuary in action. Children Australia, 38(3), 95-99. https://doi.org/10.1017/cha.2013.12
Crossnore School and Children’s Home. (2017). Sanctuary reference handbook. https://www.crossnore.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Sanctuary-Handbook-Jun-2017.pdf
Esaki, N., Benamati, J., Yanosy, S., Middleton, J. S., Hopson, L. M., Hummer, V. L., & Bloom, S. L. (2013). The Sanctuary Model: Theoretical framework. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 94(2), 87-95. https://doi.org/10.1606/1044-3894.4287
Farnan, L. A. (2001). Competency-based approach to intern supervision. In Forinash, M. (Ed.), Music Therapy Supervision (pp. 117-134). Barcelona Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000243-009
Feiner, S. (2019). A journey through internship supervision revisited: Roles, dynamics, and phases of the supervisory relationship. In Forinash, M. (Ed.), Music Therapy Supervision (2nd ed., pp. 157-176). Barcelona Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000243-008
Silver, S. M. (1986). An inpatient program for post-traumatic stress disorder: Context as treatment. In Figley, C. R. (Ed.), Trauma and its wake (Vol. 2; pp. 213-231). Brunner/Mazel.
Stoltenberg, C. D. & Delworth, U. (1987). Supervising counselors and therapists. Jossey-Bass.
The Sanctuary Institute. (2011). The seven Sanctuary commitments [Fact sheet]. https://umaine.edu/socialwork/wp-content/uploads/sites/148/2017/07/Sanctuary-Commitments.pdf
The Sanctuary Institute (2017). The Sanctuary Model. https://www.thesanctuaryinstitute.org/about-us/the-sanctuary-model/
Watkins, C. E. (1993). Development of the psychotherapy supervisor: Concepts, assumptions, and hypotheses of the Supervisor Complexity Model. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 47(1), 58-74. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.19188.8.131.52
Whiteley, S. (2004). The evolution of the therapeutic community. Psychiatric Quarterly, 75(3), 233-248. https://doi.org/10.1023/b:psaq.0000031794.82674.e8
Yanosy, S. M., Harrison, L. C., & Bloom, S. L. (2009). Sanctuary staff training manual for direct care staff (2nd ed.). The Sanctuary Institute. https://nhchc.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Sanctuary-Model-Staff-Training-Manual.pdf
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Alex Peuser, MM, MT-BC, Kailey Campbell, MA, MT-BC
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.