Applying Crowd Risk Mitigation Technologies in Urban Sport Events

A Case Analysis of the Collegiate Football Event in Indianapolis, IN


  • Kennedy Weaver Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis
  • Bingjie (Becky) Liu-Lastres Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis



Risk Management, Event Smart-phone Applications, Sport Events, Crowd Management, Mobile Sensing


In recent years, the need for advanced precautions for mitigating the risks imposed by events, which involve high volumes of people in shared spaces, has multiplied. The occurrence of COVID-19 pandemic has further altered event practices, spaces, and event attendees’ mindsets in large-scale events. Proper crowd management not only seeks to prevent acts of violence and injury, but in today’s event environments; efforts should be consciously applied to reduce the spread of respiratory infections such as COVID-19. As the events industry continues to evolve and face new limitations, ways in which event organizers respond must evolve as well. Smartphone technologies are opening new ways for event organizers to communicate with and monitor attendees. This case study explores current crowd management strategies, analyzes the gaps in widely used models, and finally proposes event management technologies trending in the field.

Author Biographies

Kennedy Weaver, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis

Kennedy Weaver is a graduate student and assistant in the School of Health and Human Sciences within the department of Tourism, Event and Sport Management.

Bingjie (Becky) Liu-Lastres, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis

Becky Liu-Lastres is an Assistant Professor at IUPUI's School of Health and Human Sciences within the Department of Tourism, Event, and Sport Management.






Case Studies