Gender Equity? Differences in Athletes Perceptions of Equity in Sport

  • Janet S. Fink The Ohio State University
  • Donna L. Pastore The Ohio State University

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine student-athletes perceptions toward gender equity. A total of 161 NCAA Division IA student-athletes responded to a questionnaire regarding equity issues. To verify the subscale structure of the questionnaire, item-to-total correlations and internal consistency measures (Cronbach’s alpha; K-R 20s) were utilized. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVAs) were utilized to analyze the gender equity measures with three subgroups, female student-athletes, football players, and male student-athletes of nonrevenue sports. The results of the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVAs) revealed significant differences in perceptions of gender-equity issues between the subgroups. Football players rated several areas significantly higher than female athletes and male athletes of nonrevenue sports. The assessment of student-athletes perceptions toward gender equity may assist athletic departments in determining which areas of their sports programs are equitable and, in turn, be utilized to develop strategies that promote equity.
Published
1997-08-31
Section
Research