An Exploratory Model of ESL Program Leadership


  • Donna L. Albrecht Anderson University


This study researched the preparedness of English as a Second Language (ESL) directors in school corporations in Indiana to determine their background experiences, awareness of second language acquisition research, levels of qualification, attitudes towards English learners (ELs), efficacy for leading ESL programs, and to gain an understanding of how to provide guidance and support to this group of individuals.  Furthermore, the study investigated relationships between these factors to gain insight into how they impact each other and program implementation.  The study endeavored to provide useful information towards policy making and support of ESL leaders.  An exploratory model of ESL program leadership, developed by the researcher, concluded that when ESL leaders are certified and bring experience of working with ELs to their positions, it is more likely that their programs will be successfully implemented.  Finally, the interplay of variables showed that these directors’ levels of knowledge of second language acquisition principles and efficacy for leading the ESL program had highly significant effects on attitude, program implementation and each other.  The implications of this study include directions for policy, training programs, and further research.  

Author Biography

Donna L. Albrecht, Anderson University

Donna Albrecht has taught and administered in local and international PK-12, and university settings for 25 years. She has taught IB courses, social studies, high ability and ESL students.  Donna has designed and administered ESL programs in Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, and in Indiana.  Before joining Anderson University, Donna was the intermediate school principal at the International School of Indiana. In her current role, Donna directs and teaches in the English Language Teaching Program and conducts Professional Learning Community groups, focusing on culturally and linguistically diverse students, and high ability learners in Madison, Hamilton, and Marion County schools.  Donna has an Ed.D. in Educational Leadership, and Ed.S. degree from Ball State University in School Superintendency; an M.A. in Teaching English as a Foreign Language from The American University in Cairo, Egypt; and a B.A. from Anderson University in political science and economics. Donna is licensed as a superintendent, building level administrator, and teacher (ESL, High Ability, PK-12; and social studies 5-12) in Indiana.


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