Supplemental Instruction: Critical Thinking and Academic Assistance

  • F. Kim Wilcox University of Missouri- Kansas City
Keywords: Higher Education, Supplemental Instruction


More than 700 colleges and universities worldwide use Supplemental Instruction (SJ) to improve student performance in challenging college coursework. Targeting traditionally difficult coursework, SJ provides regularly scheduled, out-of-class, peerfacilitated review sessions. In this model, the collective knowledge and wisdom of successful students and of the whole group become the primary source for reconstructing the professor s lecture and for encouraging the kind of critical thinking that leads to correct answers. Students who elect to participate in SJ sessions consistently earn one-half to one full letter grade higher than nonparticipants.