How Service-Learning promotes intergenerational harmony: Case study of a Service-Learning project in a science course
The Office of Service-Learning, Lingnan University partnered with the Discovery and Education Department, Ocean Park (a theme park in Hong Kong) to develop a Service-Learning project. Along with the traditional goals of Service-Learning (enhance undergraduate student learning, provide useful service for community partner), we added an additional goal of promoting The educational services (narration services at the exhibits and interactive games) aimed to fulfil Ocean Park’s goal of providing a richer visitor experience, as well as promote the message of marine conservation. This study provides information on how including elders as service providers in a Service-Learning project can facilitate reciprocal learning between age groups and promote intergenerational harmony.
 CLD 9008 Life Sciences: The Way Life Works. This course is taught by Professor Jonathan Fong, Assistant Professor in Science Unit, Lingnan University.
Aemmi, S. Z., & Karimi Moonaghi, H. (2017). Intergenerational Learning Program: A Bridge between Generations. International Journal of Pediatrics, 5(12), 6731-6739. doi: 10.22038/ijp.2017.28072.2430
Beckert, T., Strom, R., Strom, P., Yang, C., & Singh, A. (2007). Parent Success Indicator: Cross-cultural development and factorial validation. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 67(2), 311–327. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164406292039
Bringle, R. G., & Hatcher, J. A. (1996). Implementing service learning in higher education. The Journal of Higher Education, 67(2), 221–239. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.1996.11780257
Chan, C. M., Ma, H. K., Wong, L. K., Chan, K. M., Leung, W. Y., Tang, H. H., & Ho, M. C.
(2013). A handbook for using elder academy as a platform of other learning experiences. Hong Kong: Lignan University. Retrieved from https://commons.ln.edu.hk/osl_book/1/
Dantzer, F., Keogh, H., Sloan, F., & Zekely, R. (2012). Learning for active ageing & intergenerational learning (Report). Taastrup, Denmark: European Network for Intergenerational Learning. Retrieved from https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/c9f75907-13b8-488c-b60e-c84690666f17
Dorfman L.T., Murty S.A., Ingram J.G., Evans R.J., & Power J.R. (2004). Intergenerational service learning in five cohorts of students: Is attitude change robust? Educational
Gerontology, 30(1), 39–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601270490248446
Eyler, J., Giles, D. E., & Braxton, J. (1997). The impact of service learning on college students. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 4, 5–15. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.3239521.0004.101
Fair, C. D., & Delaplane, E. (2015). “It is good to spend time with older adults. You can teach them, they can teach you”: Second grade students reflect on intergenerational service learning. Early Childhood Education Journal, 43(1), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-014-0634-9
Gutheil, I.A., Chernesky, R.H., Sherratt, M.L., 2006. Influencing student attitudes toward older adults: results of a service learning collaboration. Educational Gerontology, 32(9),
Johnson, R. B., Christensen, L. B. (2013). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
June, A., & Andreoletti, C. (2018). Participation in intergenerational service-learning benefits older adults: A brief report. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education, 2018, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701960.2018.1457529
Kaplan, M., Kusano, A., Tsuji, I., & Hisamichi, S. (1998). Intergenerational programs:
Support for children, youth and elders in Japan. Albany, NY: New York State University
Knapp, J. L., & Stubblefield, J. D. P. (2000). Changing students' perceptions of aging: the impact of an intergenerational service-learning course. Educational Gerontology, 26, 611-
Knecht, T., & Martinez, L. M. (2012). Engaging the reluctant? Service learning, interpersonal contact, and attitudes toward homeless individuals. PS: Political Science & Politics, 45(1),
Loewen, J. (1996). Intergenerational learning: What if schools were places where adults and children learned together? Educational Research Information Services (ERIC, ED 404014). Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED404014.pdf
Lowe L.A. & Medina V.L. (2010) Service-learning collaborations: A formula for reciprocity.
Families in Society, 91(2), 127–134. https://doi.org/10.1606/1044-3894.3970
Markus, G. B., Howard, J. P. F., & King, D. C. (1993, Winter). Integrating community service and classroom instruction enhances learning: Results from an experiment. Educational
Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 15(4), 410–419.
Nichols, A. H. (2001). Designing intergenerational service-learning courses based on student characteristics. Educational Gerontology, 27, 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1080/036012701750069030
Pecchioni, L.L., Ota, H., Sparks, L. (2004). Cultural Issues in Communication and Aging, 2nd
Ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Santini, S., Tombolesi, V., Baschiera, B., & Lamura, G. (2018). Intergenerational programs involving adolescents, institutionalized elderly, and older volunteers: Results from a pilot research-action in Italy. BioMed Research International, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4360305
Shea, J. (2017). Senior volunteering in service to community elders in Shanghai: Bringing together agendas for productive aging and community-based social support for the aged in
China. Ageing International, 42(2), 205-235. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12126-016-9270-6
Strom, R., & Strom, P. (2011). A paradigm for intergenerational learning. In M. London
(Ed.), Oxford handbook of lifelong learning (pp. 133–146). New York, NY: Oxford
Stukas, A., Snyder, M., & Clary, E.G. (1999). The effects of mandatory volunteerism on intentions to volunteer. Psychological Science, 10(1), 59-64. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.00107
Thompson, L. F., Surface, E. A., Martin, D. L., & Sanders, M. G. (2003). From paper to pixels: moving personnel surveys to the web. Personnel Psychology, 56(1), 197-227. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2003.tb00149.x
Wangyal. T. (2001Summer). Enduring social sustainability: Can Bhutan’s educational system ensure intergenerational transmission of values? Journal of Bhutan Studies, 3(1), 106-131. Retrieved from https://www.bhutanstudies.org.bt/category/journal-of-bhutan-studies/
Westacott, B. M., & Hegeman, C. R. (1996). Service learning in elder care: A resource manual. Albany, NY: The Foundation for Long Term Care.
Copyright (c) 2019 Sze Nga Cecilia Au Yeung, Lai Ki Lam, Jonathan Fong
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright to works published in Metropolitan Universities is retained by the author(s).